Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
XP: Treatise On Contrition
Q[45] Of The Marriage Consent Considered In Itself
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In the next place we have to consider the consent; and the first point to discuss is the consent considered in itself; the second is the consent confirmed by oath or by carnal intercourse; the third is compulsory consent and conditional consent; and the fourth is the object of the consent.

Under the first head there are five points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether the consent is the efficient cause of matrimony?

A[2] Whether the consent needs to be expressed in words?

A[3] Whether consent given in words expressive of the future makes a marriage?

A[4] Whether consent given in words expressive of the present, without inward consent, makes a true marriage outwardly?

A[5] Whether consent given secretly in words expressive of the present makes a marriage?