Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
XP: Treatise On Contrition
Q[34] Of The Sacrament Of Order As To Its Essence And Its Parts
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Of The Sacrament Of Order As To Its Essence And Its Parts (FIVE ARTICLES)

In the next place we must consider the sacrament of Order: (1) Order in general; (2) the difference of Orders; (3) those who confer Orders; (4) the impediments to receiving Orders; (5) things connected with Orders.

Concerning Order in general three points have to be considered: (1) Its essence, quiddity, and parts; (2) Its effect; (3) The recipients of Orders.

Under the first head there are five points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether there should be Order in the Church?

A[2] Whether it is fittingly defined?

A[3] Whether it is a sacrament?

A[4] Whether its form is expressed properly?

A[5] Whether this sacrament has any matter?