Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
XP: Treatise On Contrition
Q[19] Of The Ministers Of The Keys
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We must now consider the ministers and the use of the keys: under which head there are six points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether the priest of the Law had the keys?

A[2] Whether Christ had the keys?

A[3] Whether priests alone have the keys?

A[4] Whether holy men who are not priests have the keys or their use?

A[5] Whether wicked priests have the effective use of the keys?

A[6] Whether those who are schismatics, heretics, excommunicate, suspended or degraded, have the use of the keys?