Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
XP: Treatise On Contrition
Q[8] Of The Minister Of Confession
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We must now consider the minister of confession, under which head there are seven points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether it is necessary to confess to a priest?

A[2] Whether it is ever lawful to confess to another than a priest?

A[3] Whether outside a case of necessity one who is not a priest can hear the confession of venial sins?

A[4] Whether it is necessary for a man to confess to his own priest?

A[5] Whether it is lawful for anyone to confess to another than his own priest, in virtue of a privilege or of the command of a superior?

A[6] Whether a penitent, in danger of death can be absolved by any priest?

A[7] Whether the temporal punishment should be enjoined in proportion to the sin?