Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
TP: Treatise On The Sacraments
Q[84] Of The Sacrament Of Penance
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We must now consider the Sacrament of Penance. We shall consider (1) Penance itself; (2) Its effect; (3) Its Parts; (4) The recipients of this sacrament; (5) The power of the ministers, which pertains to the keys; (6) The solemnization of this sacrament.

The first of these considerations will be two fold: (1) Penance as a sacrament; (2) Penance as a virtue.

Under the first head there are ten points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether Penance is a sacrament?

A[2] Of its proper matter;

A[3] Of its form;

A[4] Whether imposition of hands is necessary for this sacrament?

A[5] Whether this sacrament is necessary for salvation?

A[6] Of its relation to the other sacraments;

A[7] Of its institution;

A[8] Of its duration;

A[9] Of its continuance;

A[10] Whether it can be repeated?