We must now consider the effects of this sacrament, and under this head there are eight points of inquiry:
A Whether this sacrament bestows grace?
A Whether the attaining of glory is an effect of this sacrament?
A Whether the forgiveness of mortal sin is an effect of this sacrament?
A Whether venial sin is forgiven by this sacrament?
A Whether the entire punishment due for sin is forgiven by this sacrament?
A Whether this sacrament preserves man from future sins?
A Whether this sacrament benefits others besides the recipients?
A Of the obstacles to the effect of this sacrament.