Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
TP: Treatise On The Incarnation
Q[48] Of The Efficiency Of Christ's Passion
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We now have to consider Christ's Passion as to its effect; first of all, as to the manner in which it was brought about; and, secondly, as to the effect in itself. Under the first heading there are six points for inquiry:

A[1] Whether Christ's Passion brought about our salvation by way of merit?

A[2] Whether it was by way of atonement?

A[3] Whether it was by way of sacrifice?

A[4] Whether it was by way of redemption?

A[5] Whether it is proper to Christ to be the Redeemer?

A[6] Whether (the Passion) secured man's salvation efficiently?