[* St. Thomas calls this vice indifferently'fear'or'timidity.'The translation requires one to adhere to these terms on account of the connection with the passion of fear. Otherwise'cowardice'would be a better rendering.]
We must now consider the vices opposed to fortitude: (1) Fear; (2) Fearlessness; (3) Daring.
Under the first head there are four points of inquiry:
A Whether fear is a sin?
A Whether it is opposed to fortitude?
A Whether it is a mortal sin?
A Whether it excuses from sin, or diminishes it?