Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
SS: Treatise On The Cardinal Virtues
Q[85] Of Sacrifice
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Prologue   A[1]   A[2]   A[3]   A[4]  

In due sequence we must consider those acts whereby external things are offered to God. These give rise to a twofold consideration: (1) Of things given to God by the faithful; (2) Of vows, whereby something is promised to Him.

Under the first head we shall consider sacrifices, oblations, first-fruits, and tithes. About sacrifices there are four points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether offering a sacrifice to God is of the law of nature?

A[2] Whether sacrifice should be offered to God alone?

A[3] Whether the offering of a sacrifice is a special act of virtue?

A[4] Whether all are bound to offer sacrifice?