Summa Theologiae by St. Thomas Aquinas
FS: Treatise On Habits In Particular
Q[87] Of The Debt Of Punishment
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We must now consider the debt of punishment. We shall consider (1) the debt itself; (2) mortal and venial sin, which differ in respect of the punishment due to them.

Under the first head there are eight points of inquiry:

A[1] Whether the debt of punishment is an effect of sin?

A[2] Whether one sin can be the punishment of another?

A[3] Whether any sin incurs a debt of eternal punishment?

A[4] Whether sin incurs a debt of punishment that is infinite in quantity?

A[5] Whether every sin incurs a debt of eternal and infinite punishment?

A[6] Whether the debt of punishment can remain after sin?

A[7] Whether every punishment is inflicted for a sin?

A[8] Whether one person can incur punishment for another's sin?